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Ashlan Kunz Coyne, PharmD, MPH

Kunz Coyne Ashlan_FSGTM24 2
Faculty Starter Grant in Translational Medicine, 2024 University of Kentucky

Deciphering Stenotrophomonas: Mechanistic Insights for Malignancy-Related Infections


Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, a multidrug-resistant global health threat, particularly affects hematologic malignancy patients, leading to rapid fatal outcomes. The prompt and effective treatment of S. maltophilia infections is critically hindered by outdated or absent pharmacodynamic data, unreliable susceptibility tests, and outdated or nonexistent clinical breakpoints. Our Central Hypothesis is that rationally optimized antibiotic dosing will achieve extensive killing and prevent resistance emergence against S. maltophilia isolates. Preliminary studies provide compelling evidence to support our initiative. In Aim 1, in vitro models will assess optimized antibiotic dosing by profiling bacterial killing and resistance suppression. Aim 2 involves multi-omic and exposure-response evaluations of pre- and post-exposure isolates, guiding translation to understand failed dosing strategies. The project aims to validate dosing strategies for future trials targeting S. maltophilia.

The PhRMA Foundation Faculty Starter Grant in Translational Medicine acknowledges the potential impact of my work on optimizing antimicrobial PK/PD against resistant bacterial infections, aiming to enhance outcomes in vulnerable patients. With deep appreciation for the financial support, this grant empowers my lab to achieve significant advancements in the field.

Ashlan Kunz Coyne